Gardening is not only a stress-free hobby, but also an environmentally benefitting activity that helps in our fight against the global warming and its side effects to the ecosystem. By growing plants, you are benefitting the world by improving the ecological balance and thus making your planet, a better place to survive.
Many people resort to home gardening these days due to the increase in the usage of harmful, life-threatening pesticides in the commercially grown fruits and vegetables. Though organic farm produces act as healthy alternatives, with their soaring price-tags, it is much more judicious to grow your healthy greens to lead a healthy, hearty livelihood.
If you feel gardening is only for those living in tropical countries or owning a house with envious lawn or backyard, then you are certainly mistaken. With greenhouses, gardening is plausible for anyone and everyone who love to experience the benefits of greener life-style habits.
Greenhouse – What & Why
Greenhouse is a suitable, closed structure, focused at sustaining the cultivation of crops that meettypical environmental challenges like unsuitable, harsh climatic conditions, annoying pest problems, seed-stealing birds, plant-eating animals etc., thereby enhancing the quality and productivity of these crops year-around.
As greenhouse provides suitable weather and controlled environment, you can get more info on https://www.greenhousestores.co.uk/Elite-Greenhouses/ here,
- Continue your cultivation throughout the year, even during unsuitable weather conditions like snow, storm etc.
- Even grow your garden indoors without worrying about spaceconstraints using miniature, indoor greenhouses.
- Protect the plants from birds, animals and problematic pests.
- Grow rare veggie or fruit varieties of your area with focused, controlled growing conditions suitable for the crop.
- Enjoy healthy life-style by growing your own pesticide-free vegetation.
As the benefits are captivating, it is evidently important to know about the different greenhouse types available to choose the right variant accommodating your needs and budget.
Greenhouse types based on structure
The basic greenhouse types based on structure are
- Attached Greenhouses
As the name suggests these greenhouses ‘attach’ to the supporting building structures, typically, but not necessarily, the house and are suitable for smaller cultivation practices, due to limited space constraints. The three most basic sub classifications are,
As these are typically built next to the house, they share the necessary utilities like, water, electricity etc. and are cost-effective, replacing the need to make separate water and electricity arrangements for the greenhouse and are therefore hassle-free. But the disadvantage is the limited light and temperature conditions due to the supporting wall structure.
- Free-standing greenhouses
As the name indicates, these greenhouses are stand-alone types and are suitable if you have dedicated free-space like lawn, backyards etc. These are suitable for even larger garden practices as you certainly have the advantage of space to decide about, according to your cultivation requirements. Separate watering and temperature control installations are required unlike the attached ones that share the home’s resources. The cost depends upon the material type and size of the greenhouse constructed.
Greenhouse types based on usage
The most common greenhouse types based on usage are
- Warm or active-heating greenhouses
These greenhouses are suitable for your winter cultivation needs as the active heating warms the atmosphere, and makes it suitable for growing certain tropical plants that requires warmer temperature conditions. Proper heating methods like central heating or solar heating does the job efficiently and are bit pricey.
- Cool or active-cooling greenhouses
Although sunlight is the essential element for the growth of plants, overly heated ambience couldbe harmful and hinder the plant’s growth, eventually drying them out completely. In such circumstances, effective cooling may be achieved by using electrical cooling methods or by using adjustable roofing techniques to maintain suitable warmer atmosphere, agreeable for the plant’s life and growth.
Greenhouse types based on covering material
- Glass Greenhouses
The conventional and widely used covering material is glass, with varying size and structure. Although glass provides convincing advantages like, better light intensity and higher infiltration rate, they are expensive and are easily breakable that requires careful maintenance.
- Plastic type
The growing alternative to glass material with almost similar advantages is the plastic type, where the construction cost is less when compared to glass type and are much sturdier than them. But their life-span is less and requires frequent replacements when compared with the glass ones. The most commonly used plastic types are polyethylene, PVC etc.
Greenhouse types based on frame material
The commonly used frame materials are
The wood is the commonly used frame material for home-based greenhouses due to its ease of construction and aesthetic value. Wood is known to have better heat retention property and is generally used with glass covering material. The major disadvantage is its limited life-span due to termite and other commonly occurring wood-related problems. Redwood is the most commonly used wood for frame construction.
Despite its higher cost of installation, they are sturdy and durable eliminating the need to replace them, frequently. They also do not require any special maintenance thus minimizing the cost for maintenance. The glass and plastic are the commonly used covering materials with these aluminum frames.
- Galvanized steel
The sturdiest of all frame materials used is also pocket-friendly and evidently requires lesser framework compared to other types. But being heavy, additional supporting structures are required to mount a rigid top over them. The only major disadvantage is they are prone to rust and requires special care and maintenance.